turn1 W1S1 [tə:n US tə:rn] v
1¦(your body)¦
4¦(move around central point)¦
7 turn your back (on somebody/something)
9 turn something inside out
10 have turned the corner
11¦(make/let go out)¦
13¦(change development)¦
14 turn traitor
15 turn your ankle
16 an actor turned politician/a housewife turned author etc
17 turn somebody's head
18 turn (people's) heads
19 turn a profit
20 turn a phrase
Phrasal verbs
 turn (somebody) against somebody/something
 turn around
 turn away
 turn back
 turn somebody/something<=>down
 turn in
 turn (somebody/something) into something
 turn off
 turn on
 turn out
 turn over
 turn round
 turn to somebody/something
 turn up
 turn upon somebody/something
[Date: 1000-1100; Origin: Partly from Latin tornare 'to turn on a lathe', from turnus 'lathe', from Greek tornos; partly from Old French torner, tourner 'to turn', from Latin tornare]
1.) ¦(YOUR BODY)¦ [I and T]
to move your body so that you are looking in a different direction
Ricky turned and walked away.
She turned her head in surprise.
turn around/round/away
Dan turned away, hiding the fear in his eyes.
turn (your head/face) to do sth
He turned around to look at Kim.
'No,' she said, turning her head to see David's reaction.
Brigitte glared at him, turned on her heel (=turned away suddenly because of anger) , and stomped out of the room.
2.) ¦(OBJECT)¦ [T usually + adverb/preposition]
to move something so that it is pointing or aiming in a different direction
turn sth around/over/upside down etc
You may turn over your exam papers now.
turn sth on sth/sb
The firemen turned their hoses on the blaze.
turn sth to face sth/sb
Could you turn your chairs to face this way ?
turn a/the page
(=move a page in a book over so that you can read the next page) turn sth down/up
He turned down the corner of the sheet to peep at the baby.
a) [I and T]
to go in a new direction when you are walking, driving etc, or to make the vehicle you are using do this
I watched until he turned the corner .
turn left/right
Turn left at the church.
turn into/onto/down etc
She cycled up the street and turned into Long Road.
Turning the car around , we headed home.
if a road, river etc turns, it curves and starts to go in a new direction
Further on, the river turns east.
The road turns sharply at the top of the hill.
to move around a central or fixed point, or to make something move in this way
The wheels turned slowly, then picked up speed.
For some reason, the key wouldn't turn.
turn the handle/knob/key/tap etc
She gently turned the handle of the bedroom door.
5.) ¦(CHANGE)¦ [linking verb, T]
to start to have a different quality, or to make something do this
turn (sth) red/blue/white etc
Rose's hair was already turning grey.
In October the leaves turn orange and yellow.
The sun had turned the sky a glowing pink.
the weather turns cold/nasty etc [i]also it turns cold/nasty etc
Then it turned cold and started to rain.
turn nasty/mean/violent etc
(=suddenly become angry, violent etc)
The police are worried that the situation could turn violent.
see usage notebecome
to start to think about, deal with, look at etc a particular person, thing, or subject, instead of what you were thinking about etc before
turn your attention/thoughts/efforts etc to sth/sb
Many investors have turned their attention to opportunities abroad.
Phil turned his gaze towards the older man.
turn to/towards etc sth
As usual, the conversation turned back to her children.
Now is the time of year when thoughts turn in the direction of summer holidays.
Next the Senator turned to education.
7.) turn your back (on sb/sth)
a) to refuse to help, support, or be involved with someone or something
How can you turn your back on your own mother?
In his twenties he turned his back on his Catholic faith.
b) to turn so that your back is pointing towards someone or something, and you are not looking at them
Angrily, she turned her back on him.
8.) ¦(AGE/TIME)¦ [T]
to become a particular age, or to reach a particular time
sb turns 15/20/40 etc
My son's just turned 18.
it's turned 2 o'clock/5/midday etc
It's just turned three.
9.) turn sth inside out
a) to pull a piece of clothing, bag etc so that the inside is facing out
Turn the sweater inside out before you wash it.
b) also turn sth upside down
to search everywhere for something, in a way that makes a place very untidy
Thieves had turned the house upside down.
c) also turn sth upside down
or turn sth on its head
to completely change the way that something is done, organized, thought about etc
New approaches to marketing turn old practices upside down.
Her opinion of him had been turned on its head.
10.) have turned the corner
to start to improve after going through a difficult period or experience
The manager of the hotel chain claims that they have turned the corner.
11.) ¦(MAKE/LET GO OUT)¦ [T]
to make or let someone or something go out from where they are
turn sb/sth out/outside/into etc (sth)
Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured board.
There are some criminals who cannot be turned loose onto the streets.
12.) ¦(TIDE)¦
if the ↑tide turns, the sea starts to come in or go out again
if something such as a war, situation, game of sport etc turns, or someone turns it, something happens to change the way it is developing
Mills turned the game by scoring twice.
The victory turned the tide of the war in North Africa.
14.) turn traitor
to be disloyal to a person, group, or idea that you have strongly supported before
15.) turn your ankle
to twist your ↑ankle in a way that injures it
= ↑sprain
Wright turned his ankle in the first minutes of the game.
16.) an actor turned politician/a housewife turned author etc
someone who has done one job and then does something completely different
poacher turned gamekeeper [i]atpoacher
17.) turn sb's head
to be attractive in a romantic or sexual way
She turned heads whenever she walked into a room.
18.) turn (people's) heads
if something turns people's heads, they are surprised by it
It did turn some heads when he moved back to the village.
19.) turn a profit
AmE to make a profit
20.) turn a phrase
to say something in a particular way
Cohen knows how to turn a phrase in his lyrics.
21.) ¦(LAND)¦ [T]
to break up soil so that it is ready for growing crops
a distant tractor turning the soil
22.) ¦(WOOD/METAL)¦ [T]
to shape a wooden or metal object using a special tool
23.) ¦(MILK)¦
[i]BrE if milk turns, it becomes sour
turn a blind eye (to sth) atblind1 (3), turn the other cheek atcheek1 (4), turn full circle atcircle1 (6), sb would turn in their grave atgrave1 (3), not turn a hair athair, turn your hand to (doing) sth athand1 (26), turn over a new leaf atleaf1 (3), turn your nose up (at sth) atnose1 (5), turn your stomach atstomach1 (4), turn the tables (on sb) attable1 (5), turn tail attail1 (9)
turn () against / [turn (sb) against sb/sth] phr v
to stop liking or supporting someone or something, or to make someone do this
Many people had turned against the war.
Dave felt she was deliberately turning the kids against him.
turn around phr v
1.) if a business, department etc that is not successful turns around, or if someone turns it around, it starts to be successful
The company turned around from losses of £1.4 million last year to profits of £26,800.
turn sth<=>around
At Rockwell International he had turned around a badly performing division.
2.) if a situation, game etc turns around, or if someone turns it around, it changes and starts to develop in the way you want
After I met him, my whole life turned around.
turn sth<=>around
Fender's batting could turn matches around in half an hour.
3.) turn around and say/do etc sth
spoken to say or do something that is unexpected or that seems unfair or unreasonable
You can't just turn around and say that it was all my fault.
4.) turn sth<=>around
to consider an idea, question etc in a different way, or change the words of something so that it has a different meaning
Let's turn the whole idea around and look at it from another angle.
5.) turn sth<=>around
to complete the process of making a product or providing a service
We can turn around 500 units by next week.
6.) every time sb turns around
spoken very often or all the time
Every time I turn around he seems to be checking up on me.
turn away phr v
1.) turn sb<=>away
to refuse to let someone enter a place or join an organization, for example because it is full
The show was so popular police had to turn people away.
Thousands of applicants are turned away each year.
2.) turn sb<=>away
to refuse to give someone sympathy, help, or support
Anyone who comes to us will not be turned away.
The insurance company has promised not to turn away its existing customers.
3.) turn (sb) away from sb/sth
to stop supporting someone, or stop using or being interested in something, or to make someone do this
Consumers are turning away from credit cards.
events that turned Henry away from his family
turn back phr v
1.) to go back in the direction you came from, or to make someone or something do this
It's getting late - maybe we should turn back.
turn sb/sth<=>back
The UN convoy was turned back at the border.
2.) to return to doing something in the way it was done before
turn back to
The people are turning back to natural resources to survive.
We've promised to help, and there's no turning back (=you cannot change this) !
turn back the clock atclock1 (3)
turn down [turn sb/sth<=>down] phr v
1.) to turn the switch on a machine such as an ↑oven, radio etc so that it produces less heat, sound etc
≠ ↑turn up
Can you turn the TV down? I'm trying to work.
2.) to refuse an offer, request, or invitation
They offered her the job but she turned it down.
I'm not going to turn down an invitation to go to New York!
Josie's already turned him down (=refused his offer of marriage) .
turn in phr v
1.) turn sth<=>in
to give something to a person in authority, especially an illegal weapon or something lost or stolen
The rebels were told to turn in their weapons and ammunition.
turn something<=>in to
My wallet was turned in to the police two days later.
2.) turn sth<=>in
AmE to give back something you have borrowed or rented
= ↑return
When do the library books have to be turned in?
3.) turn in sth
to produce a particular profit, result etc
Bimec turned in net profits of £2.4 million.
Last night the team turned in another dazzling performance.
4.) turn sb<=>in
to tell the police who or where a criminal is
Margrove's wife finally turned him in.
5.) to go to bed
I think I'll turn in early tonight.
6.) turn sth<=>in
AmE to give a piece of work you have done to a teacher, your employer etc
British Equivalent: hand in
Have you all turned in your homework assignments?
turn (/) into [turn (sb/sth) into sth] phr v
1.) to become something different, or to make someone or something do this
The sofa turns into a bed.
A few weeks later, winter had turned into spring.
Hollywood discovered her and turned her into a star.
2.) to change by magic from one thing into another, or to make something do this
In a flash, the prince turned into a frog.
The witch had turned them all into stone.
3.) days turned into weeks/months turned into years etc
used to say that time passed slowly while you waited for something to happen
Weeks turned into months, and still there was no letter.
turn off phr v
1.) turn sth<=>off
to make a machine or piece of electrical equipment such as a television, engine, light etc stop operating by pushing a button, turning a key etc
= ↑switch off
≠ ↑turn on
Don't forget to turn the lights off when you leave.
see usage noteclose1
2.) turn sth<=>off
to stop the supply of water, gas etc from flowing by turning a handle
≠ ↑turn on
They've turned the gas off for a couple of hours.
3.) turn off (sth)
to leave the road you are travelling on and start travelling on another road
turn off (something) at/near etc
I think we should have turned off at the last exit.
turn off the road/motorway etc
Mark turned off the highway and into Provincetown.
4.) turn sb<=>off
to make someone decide they do not like something
Any prospective buyer will be turned off by the sight of rotting wood.
5.) turn sb<=>off
to make someone feel that they are not attracted to you in a sexual way
≠ ↑turn on
Men who stink of beer really turn me off.
turn on phr v
1.) turn sth<=>on
to make a machine or piece of electrical equipment such as a television, engine, light etc start operating by pushing a button, turning a key etc
= ↑switch on
≠ ↑turn off
Jake turned on his computer and checked his mail.
2.) turn sth<=>on
to make the supply of water, gas etc start flowing from something by turning a handle
≠ ↑turn off
He turned on the gas and lit the stove.
'I'm thirsty,' she said, turning on the tap .
3.) turn on sb also turn upon sb
to suddenly attack someone, using physical violence or unpleasant words
Peter turned on Rae and screamed, 'Get out of my sight!'
4.) turn on sth also turn upon sth
if a situation, event, argument etc turns on a particular thing or idea, it depends on that thing
As usual, everything turned on how much money was available.
5.) turn sb on
to make someone feel sexually excited
The way he looked at her really turned her on.
6.) turn sb on
to interest someone, or to make someone become interested in something
Science fiction just doesn't turn me on.
turn somebody on to
It was Walter who turned me on to vegetarian food.
7.) turn on the charm also turn it on
to suddenly start to be very nice, amusing, and interesting, especially in a way that is not sincere
Simon was good at turning on the charm at parties.
turn out phr v
1.) to happen in a particular way, or to have a particular result, especially one that you did not expect
turn out well/badly/fine etc
It was a difficult time, but eventually things turned out all right.
To my surprise, it turned out that I was wrong.
As it turned out (=used to say what happened in the end) , he passed the exam quite easily.
turn out to be sth
That guy turned out to be Maria's second cousin.
2.) turn the light out
to stop the flow of electricity to a light by pressing a switch, pulling a string etc
Don't forget to turn out the lights when you go!
3.) if a lot of people turn out for an event, they go to watch it or take part in it
turn out for
About 70% of the population turned out for the election.
turn out to do sth
Thousands turned out to watch yesterday's match against Ireland.
4.) turn sb<=>out
to force someone to leave a place permanently, especially their home
If you can't pay the rent, they turn you out.
5.) turn sth<=>out
to produce or make something
The factory turns out 300 units a day.
6.) well/beautifully/badly etc turned out
dressed in good, beautiful etc clothes
elegantly turned-out young ladies
7.) turn sth<=>out
a) to empty something completely by taking out the contents
The policeman made him turn out his pockets.
b) BrE to take out everything in a room, drawer etc and clean the room etc thoroughly
Lea decided to turn out the attic.
turn over phr v
1.) turn sth over to sb
to give someone the right to own something, or to make someone responsible for dealing with something
He'll turn the shop over to his son when he retires.
turn the matter/problem/responsibility etc over to sb
I'm turning the project over to you.
2.) turn sth over to sth
to use land, a building etc for a different purpose
There is a new plan to turn the land over to wind farming.
3.) turn sb over to sb
to take a criminal to the police or another official organization
Suspected terrorists are immediately turned over to the law.
4.) turn over sth
if a business turns over a particular amount of money, it earns that amount in a particular period of time
Within ten years the theme park was turning over £20 million.
5.) if an engine turns over, or if someone turns it over, it starts to work
The engine turned over twice and then stopped.
6.) BrE to turn a page in a book or a sheet of paper to the opposite side
Turn over and look at the next page.
7.) BrE to change to another ↑channel on a television
Can we turn over? There's a film I want to see.
8.) turn sth over
BrE to search a place thoroughly or steal things from it, making it very untidy
Burglars had been in and turned the whole house over.
turn over a new leaf atleaf1 (3), turn sth over in your mind atmind1 (17)
turn round phr v
turn around
turn to / [turn to sb/sth] phr v
1.) to try to get help, advice, or sympathy from someone
I don't know who to turn to.
The Namibian government turned to South Africa for help.
2.) to start to do or use something new, especially as a way of solving a problem
Many people here are turning to solar power.
turn to drink/crime/drugs etc
addicts who turn to crime to finance their habit
3.) turn (sth) to sth
to become a different quality, attitude, form of a substance etc, or to make something do this
Our laughter turned to horror as we realized that Jody was really hurt.
When water turns to steam, it expands.
A sudden storm turned the earth to mud.
4.) to look at a particular page in a book
Turn to page 655 for more information.
turn up phr v
1.) turn sth<=>up
to turn a switch on a machine such as an ↑oven, radio etc so that it produces more heat, sound etc
≠ ↑turn down
Turn the oven up to 220.
Turn up the radio!
2.) to be found, especially by chance, after having been lost or searched for
Eventually my watch turned up in a coat pocket.
3.) to arrive at a place, especially in a way that is unexpected
You can't just turn up and expect a meal.
turn up late/early/on time etc
Steve turned up late, as usual.
4.) if an opportunity or situation turns up, it happens, especially when you are not expecting it
Don't worry, I'm sure a job will turn up soon.
5.) turn sth<=>up
to find something by searching for it thoroughly
The police investigation hasn't turned up any new evidence.
6.) turn sth<=>up
BrE to shorten a skirt, trousers etc by folding up the bottom and sewing it
turn up trumps attrump1 (4)
turn upon / [turn upon sb/sth] phr v
1.) to suddenly attack someone, using physical violence or unpleasant words
= ↑turn on
2.) if a situation, event, argument etc turns upon a particular thing or idea, it depends on that thing
= ↑turn on
The court case turned upon a technicality of company law.
turn 2
turn2 W1S1 n
1¦(chance to do something)¦
2 take turns
3 in turn
5¦(change direction)¦
6¦(change in events)¦
7 the turn of the century/year
8 at every turn
9¦(act of turning something)¦
10 by turns
11 turn of phrase
12 speak/talk out of turn
13 do somebody a good/bad turn
14 one good turn deserves another
15 turn of mind
16 on the turn
17 turn of speed
18 done to a turn
19 take a turn in/on etc something
20 give somebody a turn
21 have a turn
the time when it is your chance, duty, or right to do something that each person in a group is doing one after the other
British Equivalent: goturn to do sth
Whose turn is it to set the table?
It's your turn . Roll the dice.
I think it's our turn to drive the kids to school this week.
2.) take turns also take it in turns
BrE if two or more people take turns doing work, using something etc, they do it one after the other, for example in order to share the work or play fairly
You'll have to take turns on the swing.
take turns doing sth
The students were taking turns reading aloud.
take turns in doing sth BrE
We took turns in pushing the bike along.
take turns to do sth
Dan and I usually take turns to cook.
3.) in turn
a) as a result of something
Interest rates were cut and, in turn, share prices rose.
b) one after the other, especially in a particular order
Each of us in turn had to describe how alcohol had affected our lives.
4.) ¦(ROAD)¦
a) AmE a place where one road goes in a different direction from the one you are on
British Equivalent: turning
According to the map we missed our turn back there.
take the first/a wrong etc turn
(=go along the first etc road)
I think we took a wrong turn coming out of town.
Take the second turn on the left.
b) a curve in a road, path etc
There's a sharp turn coming up ahead.
a change in the direction you are moving
make a left/right turn
Make a left turn at the station.
a sudden or unexpected change that makes a situation develop in a different way
take a dramatic/fresh/different etc turn
From then on, our fortunes took a downward turn.
My career had already taken a new turn.
The President was stunned by the sudden turn of events .
take a turn for the worse/better
Two days after the operation, Dad took a turn for the worse.
7.) the turn of the century/year
the beginning of a new century or year
the short period from the turn of the century until World War One
8.) at every turn
happening again and again, especially in an annoying way
problems that presented themselves at every turn
the act of turning something completely around a fixed point
I gave the screw another two or three turns.
10.) by turns
changing from one quality, feeling etc to another
By turns, a 14 year old is affectionate then aggressive, silent then outspoken.
11.) turn of phrase
a) the ability to say things in a clever or funny way
Kate has a colourful turn of phrase.
b) a particular way of saying something
What a strange turn of phrase!
12.) speak/talk out of turn
to say something you should not say in a particular situation, especially because you do not have enough authority to say it
I'm sorry if I spoke out of turn, Major Karr.
13.) do sb a good/bad turn
to do something that is helpful or unhelpful for someone
You did me a good turn by driving Max home last night.
14.) one good turn deserves another
used to say that if someone does something nice for you, you should do something nice for them
15.) turn of mind
the particular way that someone usually thinks or feels
an academic/practical etc turn of mind
youngsters with an independent turn of mind
16.) on the turnBrE
a) if the ↑tide is on the turn, the sea is starting to come in or go out
b) starting to change, or in the process of changing
Hopefully my luck was on the turn.
c) if milk, fish, or other food is on the turn, it is no longer fresh
17.) turn of speed
BrE a sudden increase in your speed, or the ability to increase your speed suddenly
He's a top goalkicker with a surprising turn of speed.
18.) done to a turn
BrE to be perfectly cooked
19.) take a turn in/on etc sth
old-fashioned to walk somewhere for pleasure
20.) give sb a turn
old-fashioned to frighten someone
21.) have a turn
BrE old-fashioned to feel slightly ill

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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